In woodworking, a moulding plane
In woodworking, a moulding plane (molding plane in US spelling) is a specialised plane used for making the complex shapes found in wooden mouldings. 1
Traditionally, moulding planes were blocks of wear resistant hardwood, often beech or maple, which were worked to the shape of the intended moulding. The blade, or iron was likewise formed to the intended moulding profile and secured in the body of the plane with a wooden wedge. A traditional cabinetmakers shop might have many, perhaps hundreds, of moulding planes for the full range of work to be performed. The late nineteenth century brought modern types which were all-metal affairs such as the American Stanley No. 55 Universal Plane2 and the English Record No. 405 Multi-Plane with a wide variety of interchangeable cutters, integral fences, and "nickers", small cutting edges which score the grain fibers when working across the board.3
Large crown mouldings required planes of six or more inches in width, which demanded great strength to push and often had additional peg handles on the sides, allowing the craftsman's apprentice or other worker to pull the plane ahead of the master who guided it.4:132
Stanley No. 55 Universal plane with wide array of interchangeable cutters.
While generally considered outdated, a modern furniture shop doing reproduction or restoration work might keep a collection of moulding planes to match original work, or to build in an authentic manner.
The earliest known record of a moulding plane is a moulding plane iron of Roman origin unearthed in Cologne, Germany.4:116
In modern industry, the work of the moulding plane has been taken up by the electrically powered spindle moulder or wood shaper. On a smaller scale, the hand-held or table-mounted electric router allows the use of interchangeable router bits of a wide variety of profiles and is readily available to the small business or home craftsperson.
Making home stucco
Owners of new homes are looking for good ways to their decorative finish. Among these processes can be distinguished both placing in selected locations house a variety of trinkets and execution, decorative stucco. This stucco home depending on what size is to have, it can be done both independently and custom made in various companies involved in art products. For small stucco home you may include placing more decorative strips and decorative profiles. It features ornate depend, eg. To emphasize the color of the walls of a room or hanging a picture is highlighted in the selected location. As a result, domestic premises may take an additional expression.
Execution of stucco in dwellings
The apartments are flats having different sizes. For sale they are available after both studios and flats four-room. Therefore, how to perform residential stucco needs to be adapted to the size of individual rooms, their amount and how to set them furniture. However, most often the stucco housing is included in the guest rooms, kitchens and floors and ceilings corridor. To implement it may be used various elements that remained in the apartment after previously performed finishing work or repair. Plaster can also be done with new materials, purchased at the request of owners of the apartment.